How to Obtain Citizenship of India?

Citizenship refers to a person's relationship with the state to which the person owes commitment to its laws and is entitled to the protection granted by the state. The citizens of India are bound to obey its law and are free to exercise their civil and political rights. Citizenship is exclusionary. Citizenship is highly coveted in the Indian subcontinent defined by the historical narratives of the partition. The Indian Constitution provides citizenship of India to every person born in India. The parliament enacted the Citizenship Act in 1955 for the ...

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Constitutional law

The Black Act- Rowlatt Act

The British ruled India for over two centuries and strategically controlled and established their dominion. However, the Indian freedom fighters, from time to time, opposed them by organizing various satyagraha. Sensing their loosening control and ferocious activities of freedom fighters, the British government introduced an act sanctioning the governmental authorities to arrest persons alleged to be involved in or conspiring against the government. This act was known as the Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919 or the Rowlatt Act came into be...

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Constitutional law

Section 17 of Registration Act: Documents requiring registration for legal compliance

The Registration Act, 1908, was enacted to provide a mechanism for registering documents to make people aware of legal rights and obligations concerning property disputes. Registration is the process of recording a document by an assigned officer and keeping it as a public record. The act aims to prevent fraud and tile deception scams related to properties. The registration of documents seeks to perpetuate documents that prove to be of legal importance. The registration of documents aids in the prevention against the encroachment of property or trespa...

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Constitutional law

Regulating Act: Introducing Administrative Reforms in India

The Regulating Act of 1773 was introduced to establish a central administrative system in British India. The act was enacted to regulate the activities of the British East India company. The act was an initiative of the British parliament to introduce an administrative reform in British India. The regulating act took over the British system of administration. Under the regulating act, the British East India Company performed all its administrative functions under the British parliament's supervision and submitted reports on revenue, civil, and military...

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Constitutional law

What is in Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act 2019

In 2019, the Central Government reorganised the administration of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The special status bestowed to the state under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution was scrapped. Therefore, Jammu and Kashmir was divided into the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Union Territory of Ladakh. Rajya Sabha introduced the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019, on August 5, 2019, through the Minister of Home Affairs. In furtherance to the said Bill, the Union Government repealed Article 370 along with Article 35A. A bill is ...

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Constitutional law

Abrogation of Article 370

On 5 August 2019, the Parliament of India passed a resolution proposed by Home Minister Amit Shah to revoke Jammu and Kashmir's temporary special status, or autonomy, granted under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. Jammu and Kashmir, a region administered by India as a state, includes the larger part of Kashmir, a source of contention between India, Pakistan, and China. ABROGATION OF ARTICLE 370 Indian constitution's Article 370 granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir. A region located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent administe...

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Constitutional law

Analysis: Section 138, Negotiable Instrument- NI ACT, 1881

Negotiable Instrument (NI) entitles a person to a sum of money transferable from one person to another, which makes it an essential for finance for business and helps them perform business with ease. Earlier, money was primarily used to trade products, but now NIs have made such trade easy and provide security to traders. MEANING AND DEFINITION OF NI The word 'negotiable' means transferable from one person to another, and the term 'instrument' means a document of title of money (as described by Prof. Goode). A NI is required to avoid high cash transa...

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