Narcotic Drugs: Uses and Side Effects

The Single Convention—UNODC classified and placed narcotic drugs under international control. The Single Convention restricts production, manufacture, export, import, distribution, trade-in, use, and possession of drugs only for medical and scientific purposes. The statistical data publication includes the availability and use of narcotic drugs in various countries and territories. The publication of estimates and statistics on narcotic drug production, manufacture, storage, and utilisation intends to provide producing and manufacturing countries with...

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Criminal Law

Money Laundering Stages

The majority of illegal acts are committed to earn money in a manner defying laws. Money laundering involves processing unlawful money to disguise its illegal origin. This procedure is crucial because it allows the criminal to profit without jeopardising their source of income. Illegal arms sales, smuggling, and organised crime activities, such as drug trafficking and prostitution rings, can generate large sums of money. Large profits can be made by insider trading, bribery, and computer fraud schemes, all of which create an incentive to 'legitimise' th...

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Criminal Law

Details about Anti-terrorism Laws in India

India is reporting an increase in terror attacks in the last two decades. Bomb blasts in cities such as Jaipur, Ahmedabad, and Bengaluru, as well as the notorious terror attacks in Mumbai and Pune outraged every Indian. No civilised nation can allow such barbaric inhumanity in any form. The only way to reduce such activity is through anti-terrorism laws like the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002 India faces numerous challenges in managing its internal security. Terrorist activity has increased to cross-border terrorist activities and insurgent groups i...

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Criminal Law

Criminal Breach of Trust

Chapter 17 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC),1860, titled 'of offences against property', deals with all the criminal offences associated with property. One such offence is the Criminal Breach of Trust. Section 405 of Chapter 17 includes provisions for Criminal Breach of Trust. The crime of criminal breach of trust is similar to embezzlement under the Common Law. According to the definition under the act, a person is guilty of the offence of criminal breach of trust when he 'dishonestly misappropriates' or 'converts' or 'illegally disposes of' property en...

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Criminal Law

Money Laundering

Money laundering involves converting illegal money into legal tender by diverting it through different channels, making tracking of the origin of money difficult. Money laundering has potentially devastating economic, security, and social consequences. Criminals retrieve illicit proceeds after entering into a lawful financial channel to use them for any purpose. After going through multiple laundering routes, funds are then integrated into the legitimate financial system as 'legal' tender. The money placed and layered is subsequently integrated into the...

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Criminal Law

Money Laundering – Layering

Money laundering requires criminal groups who want to effectively use illegally obtained funds. Dealing with large amounts of unlawful currency is ineffective and risky. Therefore, criminals need a mechanism to deposit money in legitimate financial institutions, but they can only do so if the money appears from respective sources. illegitimate funds enable criminals to fund other criminal operations. Furthermore, money laundering promotes corruption, distorts economic decision-making, magnifies societal issues, and jeopardises financial institution inte...

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Criminal Law

What Does A Criminal Defense Lawyer Do?

Unlike video games, life may not give you a second chance. Similarly, you only have one chance to fight criminal charges. Therefore, you need an expert lawyer in your corner to help you. Hiring the best criminal lawyers can be very expensive. However, money is not as important as reputation, and you could face jail time if you do not hire the best criminal lawyers. If you may be unfamiliar with the judicial system, then court procedures may appear to be perplexing. Cross-questioning by the opponent can prove you to be a criminal in court, and your fami...

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Criminal Law

Sedition Act: Working in the Nation’s Interest to Ensure National Security

'Sedition' is 'acts or speech that incite a rebellion against the state's authority'. The Law of Sedition corresponds to Section 124A of the 1860 IPC, which is considered an appropriate restriction on freedom of expression. Sedition is a serious crime under Indian Penal law and pertains to people raising voices against national sovereignty. The stringent law was once seen as a threat to democracy during and even after the colonial era because it can be exploited to curb voices against the unfair practices of sovereign governments. The Sedition Act was ...

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Criminal Law

Kidnapping Indian Penal Code – Offence Insulting Liberty and Freedom

'Kidnapping' is derived from two words: 'kid' and 'napping'. 'Kid' is 'a child', and 'napping' means 'to steal'. The literal term for kidnapping stands for stealing a kid. Kidnapping is described as the taking of a person against their will using force, threat, or deception. Kidnappings in Indian Penal Code (IPC) are typically performed to obtain a ransom or for political or other reasons. Section 359 of the IPC classified kidnapping into two categories, specified under IPCs Section 360 and Section 361. Kidnapping is divided into two components under s...

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Criminal Law

Psychotropic Drugs – Types, Effects, and Risks

According to an assessment using the World Health Organisation's Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS), almost all countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region have psychotropic drugs on their national essential medicines lists. However, only 36% of primary health care facilities in the region have a regular supply of essential psychotropic drugs. To support the integration of the consideration of mental health into primary healthcare, countries must ensure a consistent supply of crucial psychotropic medications to all health insti...

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Criminal Law