Agriculture feeds the populace of the country and is crucial to any country’s development and economy. The Indian government initiated several steps to promulgate agricultural growth through agricultural education and research. One such step was implementing Dr Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University Act, 2016, to create and incorporate the Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University (RPCAU) in India.
RPCAU was enacted on 22 May 2016 to lead advancements in agriculture and allied sciences. The Act was aimed to establish a Central Agricultural University by converting the existing Rajendra Agricultural University at Pusa, Bihar.
Table of Contents
Establishment and Incorporation of RPCAU
The establishment of a Central Agricultural University to boost the productivity and sustainability of the agricultural sector emerged in the early 20th century. This ambition did not come to fruition until the 12th Five-year plan.
The parliament passed the RPCAU on 1 April 2016. The Act was considered a substantial step in fostering the agriculture sector in India. The Act envisaged the establishment of multiple campuses and research outstations nationwide for research purposes.
The University is bestowed with the authority to conduct research programmes, conduct business, and make its own rules. The governance structure incorporates a Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor, Registrar, and Comptroller, among other administrative posts.
Objectives of the RPCAU
One of the primary purposes of this RPCAU Act is addressing the challenges faced by the Indian agriculture sector along with helping the sector to attain the required manpower and skills. The Act lays down the following other objectives of the RPCAU:
- Incorporating a series of comprehensive Undergraduate and Postgraduate programs so that the University acquaints the students with the practical abilities required to enrich the field of agriculture.
- To develop the Central Agriculture University into a centre for essential agriculture concerns such as water management, climate change, crop development, pest control, and sustainable agriculture methods.
- Using the latest agricultural technology and practices with farmers, extension agents, and agricultural professionals across the nation, RPCAU bridges the gap between research and application.
- To address unique issues farmers and communities face by creating research centres in rural areas.
- To create alliances with esteemed foreign and domestic organisations to encourage information sharing, research, and access to the best agricultural practices in the world.
Powers of the University through the RPCAU Act
The DRPCAU Act lays down the following powers of the RPCAU:
- RPCAU has been bestowed extensive powers and academic independence for creating the best agricultural programmes in developing agriculture. This independence promotes the University to be updated with up-to-the-minute technology across the world and revise the curriculum accordingly.
- The University can perform research in agricultural sectors. Furthermore, RPCAU can establish research centres and emphasise issues such as soil health, climate change, and agricultural engineering.
- The University shall provide information and transfer technology to farmers, agricultural professionals, and extension personnel.
- The University can offer training, advisory services, and demonstrations to raise agricultural productivity and income levels in rural communities through its extension centres and outreach programs. This right promotes a direct relationship between the academic and agricultural sectors to ensure that research findings are disseminated locally.
- RPCAU can establish partners and collaborate with domestic and foreign institutions to increase its capabilities and widen its horizons.
- RPCAU can collect resources and work on research projects with industry partners by connecting with other agricultural universities, research institutions, and industry stakeholders. This right enables the institution to access the best international, broaden its research networks, and support the enhancement of world agriculture.
Officers of the RPCAU
Officers play an imperative role in guiding the University and ensuring that the operations are done efficiently, and the administration of RPCAU is effective. The following are the officers of the University as appointed under the RPCAU Act.
The Chancellor has a significant role in the governance structure and is the ceremonial head of the university. The state governor (where the University is located) is usually the Chancellor.
The Chancellor plays a key role during convocations, when the degree is awarded, and other crucial events. However, the Chancellor does not have any direct involvement in day-to-day operations. The institution gains honour and reputation from the Chancellor’s attendance at these events, strengthening the University’s ties to the public sector and society.
The Vice-Chancellor acts as the chief executive officer and oversees the management in general and operations of the University. The Vice-Chancellor, chosen by the government or governing body, is responsible for carrying out university policy, directing academic programmes, and supervising research activities. The Vice-Chancellor is more or less a strategic leader with vision and ensures that RPCAU stays at the cutting edge of agricultural research and teaching.
The Vice-Chancellor works with the staff, teachers, and other interested parties to support an atmosphere fostering academic excellence, creativity, and inclusivity.
The Dean and Director
The dean and director are appointed as prescribed by the Act and perform duties accordingly.
The Registrar is an important administrative person tasked with keeping track of and managing official university records and documentation. The efficient and open administration of all procedures is ensured through the Registrar’s oversight of admissions, exams, and affairs of the students.
The Registrar must ensure academic rules are followed, coordinate various administrative tasks, and assist the Vice-Chancellor regularly. The Registrar is the link between staff, academics, and students at the University, which aids in maintaining organisational coherence.
The Comptroller (finance officer) manages the financial affairs of the University. The Comptroller ensures finance reporting, budgeting, using monetary allocation, and adherence to financial rules.
The Comptroller’s vital contribution enhances the ability of the University to invest in facilities, research, and academic programmes by ensuring the financial sustainability and stability of the University.
Visitor to the RPCAU
The president is the visitor to the RPCAU and inspects facilities such as libraries, museums, workshops, and equipment. The visitor gives prior notice to the college to inform the University about the subject or cause of the inspection. The representation can be made within 30 days of notice issuance.
The RPCAU Act, 2016, is a milestone towards India’s agricultural landscape. The University’s dedication to providing top-notch agricultural knowledge, education, and engaging research has established RPCAU as an epitome of excellence.
A solid foundation has been set for ensuring the growth of India’s agricultural industry through the RPCAU. The University ushers the country to have a more affluent, sustainable, and resilient agricultural future. Therefore, the RPCAU is a testament to the transformative potential of education, research, and technology in determining the future of a country’s agriculture through its commitment to quality and advancement.
When did the RCAU Act, 2016, come into effect?
The DRPCAU Act came into effect on 28 April 2016. The Act was enacted on 22 May 2016 to lead advancements in agriculture and allied science
Where is the headquarters of the RPCAU established under the Act?
The headquarters of RPCAU is in Pusa in Samastipur, Bihar
Who is the head of the RPCAU?
A Chancellor is the ceremonial head of the RPCUA and plays a key role during convocations when the degree is awarded.
Who is the visitor of the RPCAU?
The president is appointed as the visitor to the RPCAU and inspects facilities such as libraries, museums, workshops, and equipment.
What is the role of the Comptroller in the Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University?
The Comptroller (finance officer) manages the financial affairs of the University. The Comptroller handles finance reporting, budgeting, making sure to use money wisely and adhere to financial rules.