Kidnapping IPC – Offence insulting Liberty and Freedom

In everyday language, 'Kidnapping' gets derived by breaking two words: 'Kid' and 'Napping'. 'Kid' means 'a child', and 'Napping' means 'to steal'. Hence, the literal term for kidnapping stands for stealing a kid. Kidnapping gets described as the taking of a person against their will using force, threat or deception. Kidnappings in IPC are typically carried out to obtain a ransom or for political or other reasons. Section 359 of the Indian Penal Code divides kidnapping into two categories, further specified under the Indian Penal Code's Section 360 and S...

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Criminal Law

Psychotropic Drugs – Types, Effects, Risks

According to an assessment using the WHO Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS), almost all the countries in Eastern Mediterranean Region have psychotropic drugs on their national essential medicines lists. Still, only 36% of primary health care facilities in the region have a regular supply of essential psychotropic drugs. To support the integration of a mental health component into primary health care, countries must ensure a consistent supply of crucial psychotropic medications to all health institutions, including basic health ca...

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Criminal Law

Extortion 384 IPC – Punishment for Extortion

Extortion gets termed as an offence under section 383 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860.It also gets referred to as threatening a person to cause injury to him and inducing him to obtain any benefit or advantage from him.It's a dishonest inducement to make another person deliver any property or any valuable security or anything signed, sealed, which may get converted into any valuable security.Mere causing of wrongful loss would not be sufficient to establish a case of extortion. The offence of extortion gets completed when the property deliver...

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Essential Elements Of Extortion

Extortion commonly refers to when one person threatens someone for delivery of property, or an act when whoever puts any person in fear of injury to that person or any other.According to section 383 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860: whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property or valuable security, commits "extortion."Section 44 of IPC defines 'Injury' as illegal harm to a person's body, mind, reputation, or ...

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Juvenile Justice Act 2015- Regulating juvenile detention

Punishments for crimes committed by anyone should be proper and accurate so that it not get repeated. While the criminal justice system punishes offenders above 18 years for their crimes, the Juvenile Justice Act 2015 works for offenders between 16 and 18. The act's sole purpose is not to impose punishments but to rehabilitate minor convicts for the grave crimes they execute. It especially gets done with the idea that criminals aged between 16 to 18 are victims of unawareness, naivety and lack of judgement; hence, to guide them in a proper direction bef...

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Criminal Law

What is in Prevention of Corruption Act, 2018

Corruption in India has prevailed for ages. It erodes trust, weakens democracy, affects economic development, and increases inequality, poverty, social division, and an environmental crisis. Corruption gets started with opportunistic leaders who feel that it is an opportunity to earn if anyone comes to them for any work. The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 was enacted to prevent corruption in the offices of a public servant. Since then, no more changes were made in the act, which led to its limited success. With the limited success of this act, a n...

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Criminal Law

The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act in India

Domestic violence is a substantial public health issue that affects millions of people and usually leads to physical, emotional, and even fatal harm. The media's coverage of celebrities who have been victims of domestic abuse shows that even the most successful people can be victims of this problem. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act safeguards and preserves the rights of victims of domestic violence. What is Domestic Violence? Domestic violence refers to various acts of violence that take place in the house, among family members, or be...

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Types of Domestic Violence

Domestic violence is a sad reality of almost every country, and when it comes to India, it becomes worse. Studies have proven that nearly every other woman faces one or the other types of domestic violence once in her lifetime. Domestic Violence, in general, means violent, abusive behaviour by one or more household members against another. Section 3 of The Protection of Women Against Domestic Violence Act, 2005 provides the legal definition of domestic violence. It can be any form, and by any means, for instance, in the form of physical abuse, sexual ...

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Criminal Law

Criminal Intimidation: A Law Under The Indian Penal Code, 1860

Intimidation refers to putting a person in a position of fear to make them do something or not do something. Thus, an act of intentionally threatening a person or someone or something he has a vested interest in involve intimidation. The purpose is to make them do something against the law for the intimidator's profit or benefit. Intimidator might use words or actions to threaten and injure the victim's body, property, reputation or family member. Criminal Intimidation Section 503 of IPC 1860 defines the offence of criminal intimidation. To commit the...

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Criminal Law

Things To Know About Criminal Conspiracy IPC

A conspiracy arises when two or more people want to do anything illegal and when two or more people agree to accomplish something illegal through illicit means. It is not criminal as long as the design is based only on purpose. In other terms, criminal conspiracy is a criminal collaboration. INGREDIENTS OF CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY CONSPIRACY IPC Criminal conspiracy gets defined under Section 120A of the Indian Penal Code. According to S. 120-A, the following are the elements of criminal conspiracy:There must be an agreement between two or more people;...

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